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An Ultimate Ungulate Fact Sheet
Babyrousa togeanensis
Togian babirusa
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Literature Cited

Akbar, S., Indrawan, M., Yasin, M.P., Burton, J., and Ivan, J. (2007). Status and conservation of Babyrousa babyrussa in the Togean Islands, based on direct observations and questionnaire surveys (intermittently, 1990 – 2001). Suiform Soundings 7(1): 16-25.

CITES (Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna). 2017. Appendix I, II, and III as adopted by the Conference of the Parties, valid from 4 October 2017. Available online at the CITES website.

Groves, C.P. (1980). Notes on the systematics of Babyrousa (Artiodactyla, Suidae). Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) 55(3): 29-46.

Ito, M., and Melletti, M. (2018). Togian babirusa Babyoursa togeanensis (Sody, 1949). Pp. 76-84 in Melletti, M., and Meijaard, E. (eds). Ecology, Conservation, and Management of Wild Pigs and Peccaries. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Macdonald, A., Leus, K., Masaaki, I., and Burton, J. (2016). Babyrousa togeanensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T136472A44143172. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T136472A44143172.en. Downloaded on 05 January 2018.

Meijaard, E., and Groves, C.P. (2002). Upgrading three subspecies of babirusa (Babyrousa spp) to full species level. Asian Wild Pig News 2(2):33-39.

Sody, H.J.V. (1949). Notes on some primates, carnivora, and the babirusa from the Indo-Malayan and Indo-Australian regions (with descriptions of 10 new species and subspecies). Treubia 20: 121-190.

Additional Resources


Groves, C.P. (2001). Mammals in Sulawesi: Where did they come from and when, and what happened to them when they got there? Pp. 333-342 in Metcalfe, I., Smith, J.M.B., Morwood, M., and Davidson, I., editors. Faunal and floral migration and evolution in SE Asia-Australasia. A.A. Balkema Publishers, Lisse, The Netherlands.

Ito, M. (2003). Preliminary report on Togian babirusa (Babyrousa babyrussa togeanensis) on Malenge Island, Central Sulawesi. Unpublished report to LIPI. Jakarta, Indonesa.

Ito, M. (2008). Field status surveys and educational programs of Togian babirusa (Babyrousa togeanensis) on Malenge Island, Central Sulawesi. Unpublished report to LIPI. Jakarta, Indonesia.

Ito, M., Balik, I.W., and Setiawan, L. (2008). Needs of educational activity for conservation of Togean babirusa in Togean Archipelago, Central Sulawesi. Proceedings of the Joint meeting of the 3rd International Meeting on Asian Zoo/Wildlife Medicine and Conservation & 10th National Veterinary Scientific Conference of Indonesian Veterinary Medical Association. Bogor, Indonesia. Pp. 234-236

Ito, M., Nakata, H., Jaga, I.M., and Balik, I.W. (2005). Status of Togian babirusa (Babyrousa babyrussa togeanensis) on Malenge Island, central Sulawesi. Pp. 71-77 in Sugiri, N., Mustari, A.H., Suwelo, I.S., and Dhuwita, I. (2005). Kumpulan Makalah Seminar Sehari Peduli Anoa Dan Babirusa Indonesia (Proceedings of the seminar on the care of anoa and babirusa in Indonesia). Bogor, September 20, 2005. IPB,, Departemen Kehutanan, LIPI dan Pusat Informasi Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia.

Meijaard, E., and Groves, C.P. (2002). Proposal for taxonomic changes within the genus Babyrousa. Asian Wild Pig News 2(1): 9-10.

Melisch, R. (1994). Observation of swimming Babirusa Babyrousa babyrussa in Lake Poso, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Malayan Nature Journal 47(4): 431-432.

Selmier, V.J. (1983). Bestandsgrosse und Verhalten des Hirschebers (Babyrousa babyrussa) auf den Togian Inseln. Bongo (Berlin) 7: 51-64.


Quick Facts Detailed Information References