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An Ultimate Ungulate Fact Sheet
Cephalophus nigrifrons
Black-fronted duiker
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Quick Facts Detailed Information References

Literature Cited

Dubost, G. 1984. Comparison of the diets of frugivorous forest mammals of Gabon. Journal of Mammalogy 65(2): 298-316.

East, R. [compiler]. 1999. African Antelope Database 1998. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN.

Grubb, P., and Groves, C.P. 2001. Revision and classification of the Cephalophinae. Pp. 703728 in: Wilson, V.J. Duikers of Africa: Masters of the African forest floor. Zimbi Books, South Africa.

Hart, J.A. 1985. Comparative dietary ecology of a community of frugivorous forest ungulates in Zaire. PhD Dissertation, Michigan State University.

Hart, J. 2000. Impact and sustainability of indigenous hunting in the Ituri Forest, Congo-Zaire: a comparison of unhunted and hunted duiker populations. Pp. 106-156 in Robinson, J.G. and Bennett, E.L. (eds.). Hunting for Sustainability in Tropical Forests. Columbia University Press, New York.

IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group. 2016. Cephalophus nigrifrons. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T4146A50183573. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T4146A50183573.en. Downloaded on 14 June 2017.

Lydekker, R. 1914. Catalogue of the Ungulate Mammals in the British Museum (Natural History). Johnson Reprint Corporation, New York.

Plumptre, A.J. 2001. Black-fronted duikers in a montane environment (Rwanda). Pp. 397400 in: Wilson, V.J. Duikers of Africa: Masters of the African forest floor. Zimbi Books, South Africa.

Powell, C.B., and Grubb, P. 2002. Range-extension of black-fronted duiker (Cephalophus nigrifrons Gray 1871, Artiodactyla Bovidae): first records from Nigeria. Tropical Zoology 15(1): 89-95.

Wilson, V. J. [compiler] 1987. Action plan for duiker conservation. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group and Chipangali Wildlife Trust.

Additional Resources

*Dubost, G. 1979. The size of African forest artiodactyls as determined by the vegetation structure. African Journal of Ecology 17(1): 1-18.

Feiler, A. 1990. Distribution of mammals in Angola and notes on biogeography. Pp. 221-236 in Peters, G. and Hutter, R. (eds) Vertebrates in the Tropics. Museum Alexander Koenig, Bonn.

Gautier-Hion, A., Emmons, L.H., and Dubost, G. 1980. A comparison of the diets of three major groups of primary consumers of Gabon (primates, squirrels and ruminants). Oecologia (Berlin) 45: 182-189.

Heymans, J.C. 1975. Contribution a la determination des Cephalophines (Bovides) de la Region du Haut-Zaire. Naturalistes Belges 56(9): 329-336.

Heymans, J., and Lejoly, J. 1981. Sur la répartition des Cephalophinae en foret ombrophile. Revue de Zoologie Africaine 95: 1-10.

Karesh, W.B., Hart, J.A., Hart, T.B., House, C., Torres, A., Dierenfeld, E.S., Braselton, W.E., Puche, H., and Cook, R.A. 1995. Health evaluation of five sympatric duiker species (Cephalophus spp.). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 26(4): 485-502.

Kingdon, J. 1997. The Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals. Academic Press, London and New York: NaturalWorld.

Rahm, U., and Christiaensen, A. 1966. Les mammiferès de l'Ile Idjwi (Lac Kivu, Congo). Les mammifères de la foret equatoriale de l'est du Congo. Ann. Mus. Roy. Afr. Cent.149.

Plumptre, A.J., and Harris, S. 1995. Estimating the biomass of large mammalian herbivores in a tropical montane forest: A method of faecal counting that avoids assuming a 'steady state' system. Journal of Applied Ecology 32(1): 111-120.

*Plumptre, A.J., Bizumuremyi, J.B., Uwimana, F., and Ndaruhebeye, J.D. 1997. The effects of the Rwandan civil war on poaching of ungulates in the Parc National des Volcans. Oryx 31(4): 265-273.

Thomas, O. 1892. On the antelopes of the genus Cephalophus. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1892: 413-430.

van Vuuren, B.J., and Robinson, T.J. 2001. Retrieval of four adaptive lineages in duiker antelope: Evidence from mitochondrial DNA sequences and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 20(3): 409-425.

Quick Facts Detailed Information References