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An Ultimate Ungulate Fact Sheet
Moschiola indica
Indian chevrotain
Quick Facts Detailed Information References

Literature Cited

Baral, H.S., Shah, K.B., and Duckworth, J.W. (2009). A clarification of the status of Indian Chevrotain Moschiola indica in Nepal. Vertebrate Zoology 59(2): 197-200.

Basak, K., Ahmed, M., Suraj, M., Sinha, C., Reddy, B. V., Yadav, O. P., & Mondal, K. (2017). Confirming presence of Indian mouse deer from Chhattisgarh, Central India with photographic evidence after 112 years. International Hournal of Fauna and Biological Studies 4(4): 192-195.

Duckworth, J.W., and Timmins, R. (2015). Moschiola indicaThe IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015.  Available online at the IUCN Red List website.

Groves, C.P., and Meijaard, E. (2005). Interspecific variation in Moschiola, the Indian chevrotain. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 12: 413-421.

Krishnan, M. (1972). An ecological survey of the larger mammals of peninsular India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69: 469-501.

Kumbhar, A., Prabhu, C.L., Yogesh, J.K., Francies, P., Patwardhan, G., Qureshi, Q., and Jhala, Y. (2013). Application of photographic capture-recapture sampling for estimating abundance of Indian mouse deer Moschiola indicaWorld Journal of Zoology 8(4): 388-391.

Nandini, R. (2005). Predation by Forest Eagle-Owl Bubo nipalensis on Mouse Deer Moschiola meminna. Indian Birds 1(5): 121-122.

Parvathi, S., Rao, M., Kumar, V., and Umapathy, G. (2014). Observations on reproductive performance of Indian mouse deer (Moschiola indica) in captivity. Current Science 106(3): 439-441.

Prasad, S., Pittet, A., and Sukumar, R. (2010). Who really ate the fruit? A novel approach to camera trapping for quantifying frugivory by ruminants. Ecological Research 25(1): 225-231.

Raman, T.R.S. (2004). Mouse deer (Moschiola meminna Erxleben, 1777). Pp. 131-140 in K. Sankar and S.P. Goyal (Eds.) (2004). Ungulates of India. ENVIS Bulletin: Wildlife and Protected Areas, Vol. 07, No. 1. Wildlife Institute of India, Deheradun, India.

Ramesh, T., Kalle, R., Sankar, K., and Qureshi, Q. (2013). Dry season factors determining habitat use and distribution of mouse deer (Moschiola indica) in the Western Ghats. European Journal of Wildlife Research 59(2): 271-280.

Sridhara, S., Edgaonkar, A., and Kumar, A. (2013). Understorey structure and refuges from predators influence habitat use by a small ungulate, the Indian chevrotain (Moschiola indica) in Western Ghats, India. Ecological Research 28(3): 427-433.

Additional Resources


Anil, G., Kishor, N., Naseef, G., Ommer, N., and Nameer, P.O. (2018). Observations on the Nilgiri Marten Martes gwatkinsii (Mammalia: Carnivora: Mustelidae) from Pampadum Shola National Park, southern Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 10(1): 11226-11230.

Champion, S.W. (1929). The distribution of the Mouse-deer (Moschiola meminna). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 33: 985-986.

Dar, S.A., and Khan, J.A. (2016). Food habits of dhole Cuon alpinus in tropical forests of southern India. Current Science 111(10): 1701-1705.

Gokula, V. (1997). Notes on foetuses of mouse deer Tragulus meminna in Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu, South India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 94: 148-148.

Guzmán, J. A., & Rössner, G. E. (2018). Skull morphometrics of Tragulus and Moschiola for an improved classification of tragulid collections. Mammalian Biology 90(1): 78-88.

Kamalakannan, M., De, J.K., and Manna, C.K. (2013). Identification of dorsal guard hairs surface structure of Indian chevrotain Moschiola indica Gray, 1852 (Tragulidae: Artiodactyla: Mammalia). Biolife 1(3): 155-158.

Kumar, U., Awasthi, N., Pradhan, A., Qureshi, Q., and Jhala, Y.V. (2013). First photographic record of the Indian Mouse Deer Moschiola indica in Kanha Tiger Reserve, confirming its occurrence in central India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 110(1): 71-72.

Meijaard, E., and de Wijeyeratne, G.S. (2010). Aquatic escape behaviour in mouse-deer provides insight into tragulid evolution. Mammalian Biology 75(5): 471-473.

Ramachandran, K.K., Nair, P.V., and Easa, P.S. (1986). Ecology of larger mammals of Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 83: 505-524.

Raman, T.R.S. (2004). Mouse deer (Moschiola meminna Erxleben, 1777). ENVIS Bulletin: Wildlife Institute of India, Dehra Dun 7: 131-140.

*Sarvani, R.K., Parmar, D.R., Tabasum, W., Thota, N., Sreenivas, A., and Gaur, A. (2018). Characterization of the complete mitogenome of Indian Mouse Deer, Moschiola indica (Artiodactyla: Tragulidae) and its evolutionary significance. Scientific Reports 8(1): 1-12.

Sridhara, S. (2010). Habitat use of the Indian chevrotain (Moschiola indica) in Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary. Doctoral dissertation, National Centre for Biological Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Bangalore, India.

Stockley, C.H. (1930). The distribution of the Mousedeer. Journal of Bombay Natural History Society 34: 563-564.

Quick Facts Detailed Information References