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An Ultimate Ungulate Fact Sheet
Neotragus moschatus
Suni
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Literature Cited

Bärmann, E.V., and Schikora, T. (2014). The polyphyly of Neotragus Results from genetic and morphometric analyses. Mammalian Biology 79: 283-286.

Belton, L.E., Dalerum, F., and Van Rensburg, B.J. (2008). Factors associated with suni distribution in Tembe Elephant Park, South Africa: implications for management and conservation of a small antelope. African Journal of Ecology 46: 631-636.

Bowkett, A.E., Rovero, F., & Marshall, A.R. (2008). The use of camera-trap data to model habitat use by antelope species in the Udzungwa Mountain forests, Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology 46: 479–487.

East, R. (1999). African Antelope Database 1998. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Heinichen, I.G. (1972). Preliminary notes on the suni, Neotragus moschatus and red duiker, Cephalophus natalensis. Zoologica Africana 7(1): 157-165.

IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group. 2016. Nesotragus moschatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T14604A50191073. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T14604A50191073.en. Downloaded on 13 May 2017.

Lawson, D. (1989). The food habits of suni antelopes (Neotragus moschatus) (Mammalia: Artiodactyla). Journal of Zoology 217(3): 441-448.

Loskutoff, N.M., Raphael, B.L., Nemec, L.A., Wolfe, B.A., Howard, J.G., and Kraemer, D.C. (1990). Reproductive anatomy, manipulation of ovarian activity and non-surgical embryo recovery in suni (Neotragus moschatus zuluensis). Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 88: 521-532.

Lydekker, R. (1914). Catalogue of the Ungulate Mammals in the British Museum (Natural History). Johnson Reprint Corporation, New York.

Pretorius, Q., Pretorius, B.P., and Dannhauser, C.S. (1996). The reproductive behaviour of the suni Neotragus moschatus zuluensis in captivity. Koedoe 39(1): 123-126.

Prins, H.H.T., de Boer, W.F., van Oeveren, H., Correia, A., Mafuca, J., and Olff, H. (2006). Co-existence and niche segregation of three small bovid species in southern Mozambique. African Journal of Ecology 44(2): 186-198.

Rovero, F., Jones, T., & Sanderson, J. (2005). Notes on Abbott's duiker (Cephalophus spadix True 1890) and other forest antelopes of Mwanihana Forest, Udzungwa Mountains, Tanzania, as revealed by camera-trapping and direct observations. Tropical Zoology 18: 13–23.

Somers, M., Rasa, O.A.E., and Apps, P.J. (1990). Marking behaviour and dominance in suni antelope (Neotragus moschatus). Zeitschrift fur Saugetierkunde 55: 340-352.

Additional Resources

*Fitzgerald, L. (1991). Suni (Neotragus moschatus) bibliography. AAZPA Librarians Special Interest Group Bibliography Service. Available online at http://www.nal.usda.gov/awic/zoo/suniante.pdf

*Goebel, A.M., Whitmore, D.H., and Raphael, B.L. (1985). Hematological and serum chemistry values for captive suni (Neotragus moschatus zuluensis). Zoo Biology 4(1): 13-22.

Hofmann, R.R. (1968). Comparisons of the rumen and omasum structure in East African game ruminants in relation to their feeding habits. Symposia of the Zoological Society of London 21: 179-194.

*Hoppe, P.P. (1977). Comparison of voluntary food and water consumption and digestion in Kirk's dikdik and suni. East African Wildlife Journal 15: 41-48.

Hoppe, P.P., and Gwynne, M.D. (1978). Food retention time in the digestive tract of the suni antelope. Saugetierkundliche Mittellungen 26: 236-237.

Hoppe, P.P., van Hoven, W., von Engelhardt, W., Prins, R.A., Lankhorst, A., and Gwynne, M.D. (1983). Pregastric and caecal fermentation in dikdik (Madoqua kirki) and suni (Neotragus moschatus). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 75A(4): 517-524.

Izard, J., and Umfleet, K. (1971). Notes on the care and breeding of the suni at Dallas Zoo. International Zoo Yearbook 11: 129.

Kingswood, S.C., Kumamoto, A.T., Charter, S.J., and Jones, M.L. (1998). Cryptic chromosomal variation in suni Neotragus moschatus (Artiodactyla, Bovidae). Animal Conservation 1(2): 95-100.

Lawson, D. (1986). The ecology and conservation of suni in Natal. PhD Thesis, University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.

Musewe, V.O., Maloiy, G.M.O., and Kanja, J.K. (1976). Evaporative water loss in two small African antelopes: The dik-dik and the suni. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 53C: 17-18.

Raphael, B.L., Howard, J.G., and Loskutoff, N.M. (1987). Hormonal manipulation of the estrous cycle and ejaculate traits of suni antelope. Proceedings of the First International Conference on Zoo and Avian Medicine, pp.380-381.

Raphael, B.L., Loskutoff, N.M., Nemec, L.A., Wolfe, B.A., Howard, J.G., and Kraemer, D.C. (1988). Hormonal characterization and manipulation of the estrous cycle and nonsurgical embryo recovery in suni antelope. Theriogenology 29(1): 292.

*Raphael, B.L., Loskutoff, N.M., Howard, J.G., Wolfe, B.A., Nemec, L.A., Schiewe, M.C., and Kraemer, D.C. (1989). Embryo transfer and artificial insemination in suni (Neotragus moschatus zuluensis). Theriogenology 31(1): 244.

Robinson, T.J., Harrison, W.R., De Leon, A.P., and Elder, F.F.B. (1997). X chromosome evolution in the suni and eland antelope: Detection of homologous regions by fluorescence in situ hybridization and G-banding. Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics 77(3-4): 218-221.

Stander, M.A., Burger, B.V., and Le Roux, M.T. (2002). Mammalian exocrine secretions. XVII. Chemical characterization of preorbital secretion of male suni, Neotragus moschatus. Journal of Chemical Ecology 28(1): 89-102.

Taylor, R.H. (1978). The suni Neotragus moschatus Van Dueben 1846. Natal Parks Board Research Communication, No.34.

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